Each of the parties has filed applications with the Commission on its own behalf and on behalf of its nationals within one year of the agreement`s entry into force, and the Commission should, with some exceptions, be the only forum for such applications. In appropriate cases, the parties could file claims on behalf of persons of Eritrean or Ethiopian origin who were not nationals. Among the sources consulted by the research directorate, no report could be found on the amnesty of deserters, tax evaders and/or shield objectors during the 1998-2000 war. The agreement established two neutral commissions: the Borders Commission and the Claims Commission. The Algiers Agreement was a peace agreement between the governments of Eritrea and Ethiopia, signed on 12 December 2000 in Algiers, Algeria, to formally end the Eritrean-Ethiopian war, a border war waged by the two countries from 1998 to 2000. In that agreement, the two sides reaffirmed the cessation of hostilities agreement signed on 18 June 2000.  An IRIN report described the signing of the peace agreement, Addis Ababa, 05/ 2018 – After a one-day meeting of the 36-member executive committee of the ruling EPRDF, the Political Bureau said Ethiopia would fully accept the Algiers Agreement of 12 December 2000, a peace agreement between the Eritrean and Ethiopian governments, which sets up a special commission on borders. By adopting the Algiers agreement, Ethiopia must withdraw its occupying forces from all areas attributed to Eritrea by the EEBC, including the city of Badme. Ethiopia also called on Eritrea to respond to the decision and work for lasting peace between the people of the two countries. Eritrea had accepted EEBC`s decision and refused to submit to further negotiations without Ethiopia first accepting the Commission`s decision. Both IRIN and ARB state that, despite the agreement, the two countries are suspicious of each other (13 Dec 2000; ARB Jan.
2001). However, by the end of December 2000, 2,055 Ethiopian civilians had been repatriated from Eritrea under the auspices of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) and by 23 December 1,414 Eritrean civilians had been repatriated (ARB). Jan 2001, 14215). However, in September 2007, Ethiopia considered Eritrea a violation of the agreement and warned that it could use it to terminate or suspend the agreement.  In December 2007, an estimated 4,000 Eritrean soldiers remained in the “demilitarized zone” and another 120,000 along the border. Ethiopia had 100,000 soldiers at its side.  Article 1: The parties definitively end hostilities between them. The parties fully respect and implement the provisions of the Cessation of Hostilities Agreement.